Tác giả :


Most teachers are enthusiastic about teaching. They always try to show the best version of themselves – giving students all knowledge they have. It is a good way to inspire and pique students’ curiosity, though it is bound to cause problems if the amount of knowledge exceeds their capability to attain. Obviously, moderation is the key, which is true to most circumstances. The question is, “what does it mean by the word moderation?”


First, imagine that we are doing morning exercise by walking. After warming up, we take the first round, then the second round and the third round. We feel refreshed and invigorated. However, if we go on like that, inevitably at some round we do not feel comfortable anymore, but exhausted instead. This is because we reach our limit; our body cannot stand working any longer. As a result, it seems to be counterproductive to exercise excessively. Similarly, if students are transmitted too much knowledge from teachers, it may affect students’ learning results and attitudes. Students will get confused with a large amount of information. Consequently, they feel that it is far difficult for them to absorb lessons, thus reducing their level of confidence. It is indisputable that lessons which are challenging can excite student interest. Nevertheless, challenging lessons can potentially demotivate students if they are too far beyond their reach. This completely goes against teachers’ intention. Rather than being motivated, students are gradually demotivated.


Moderation is the cure for the problem. Moderation means that teachers adapt their knowledge to students’ ability – enough to pull them closer and hold their attention. Teachers should make students feel that lessons are possibly achievable, but still challenge them. This is the reason why in most lesson plans, there are parts called students’ level and objectives. Teachers have to know at which level their students are so that they can narrow down their knowledge. Often, classes are in form of mixed abilities, hence more troubles for teachers. Objectives are knowledge and skills that students get after lessons. If students cannot meet the objectives of lessons, it is a failure. It does not mean that objectives should be low set. It is worth nothing if students cannot level up their skills and acquire new knowledge. Objectives are neither pie in their hands nor pie in the sky. They should be peaks that students can reach after putting a lot of effort.


Teachers take many roles in teaching such as transmitters, guiders and inspiring people. Generally, they work as facilitators – assisting students in learning. Therefore, instead of showing students a maze of information, which results in students getting lost and demotivated, they had better select information which is suitable for students’ capability. They should determine students’ level and set attainable objectives. Then students will perceive that learning is not impossible as long as they work hard with great determination.


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